WILD ALASKA POLLOCK 101
This glossary will be a big help in understanding the language of Wild Alaska Pollock
Acceptable Biological Catch (ABC) – The amount of fish that can be caught by fishermen over a period of one year. The Wild Alaska Pollock quota is always set at or below the Acceptable Biological Catch (ABC).
Bering Sea – The northernmost part of the Pacific Ocean, separating the continents of Asia and North America. It comprises a deep-water basin, which rises through a narrow slope into the shallower water above the continental shelves.
Bycatch – A fish or other marine creature caught unintentionally during commercial fishing for a different species.
Catcher Processor – A larger vessel at sea that can both catch and process the catch onboard, which includes freezing.
Frozen at Sea – Fish harvested at sea and then filleted and frozen within hours of catch.
Gadus chalcogrammus – The Alaska pollock or walleye pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus) is a marine fish species of the cod family Gadidae. It is a semipelagic schooling fish widely distributed in the North Pacific with largest concentrations found in the eastern Bering Sea. Formerly known as Theragra chalcogramma.
Individually Quick Frozen (IQF) – Fillets that are fast-frozen individually making them convenient for chefs and home cooks alike.
Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) – The Marine Stewardship Council is an international nonprofit organization that recognizes efforts to protect oceans and safeguard seafood supplies for the future.
Once Frozen – A fish that is caught at sea, then filleted and frozen, not to be thawed again until it reaches the final consumer.
Pollock Roe – A delicacy in Japan, Pollock Roe is processed into tarako (salted roe) or mentaiko (spiced roe).
Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) – A group of man-made, organic chemicals that are found in our environment. The State of Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation regularly tests Alaska seafood for environmental toxins, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and heavy metals like mercury. In all tests, Wild Alaska Pollock has shown very low levels of contaminants –- well below the levels of concern set by the FDA.
Responsible Fisheries Management (RFM) – A third-party certification program for wild-capture fisheries, similar to the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), that provides documented assurance of responsible seafood sourcing practices.
Surimi Seafood – High-quality Surimi is made from Wild Alaska Pollock that is minced and washed to remove everything but the fish protein. Natural flavorings and ingredients are added to the surimi to produce the final surimi seafood products.
Sustainability – Sustainable fishing means leaving enough fish in the ocean, respecting habitats and ensuring people who depend on fishing can maintain their livelihoods. The Wild Alaska Pollock fishery, the largest fishery in the United States and the largest sustainable fishery in the world, has been re-certified under the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) Fisheries Standard.
Traceability – To ensure food safety and verify the origin and sustainability of Wild Alaska Pollock, producers have developed a system that allows them to completely trace their products –- from the final fillet or surimi block all the way back to the harvesting vessel, the boat’s position, the date and time of catch, and the specific haul. Real-time satellite technology also allows the fishing companies to track the exact position of their boats at any given time.
Trawler – A fishing boat that catches fish using the towing method by dragging a conical net through the water or along the bottom.
Twice-Frozen – The fish is caught at sea, headed and gutted, then frozen. The fish is then shipped to a plant for reprocessing and frozen a second time.